1. I believe Shuhan objects the validity of Singer’s main claim. If we were to apply his claim to all sentient beings, we would have to say that a predator is morally wrong when they prey on other nonhuman animals to fulfill their basic needs. How can a lion, the animal Shuhan discusses, realize that his dinner suffered before being eaten? Humans use animals to fulfill their basic needs too; so, if the lion’s use of animals cannot be wrong, then our use of animals cannot be morally wrong either.
2. Human beings are in a position where they can survive off of a complete plant-based protein diet. Wild animals, conversely, do not have that option; thus, they must feed off of other animals. However, since we do have another option that will spare nonhuman animals, we are morally obligated to take it. We can meet our basic needs without inflicting pain on others.