Challenge One: Framing a Disruptive So What? Kantian Duty vs. Negative Responsibility Climate engineering refers to the manipulation of the earth’s climate to counteract short-term effects of climate change. The issue considers the long-term negative side-effects because they are virtually unknown. Kantian Duty: · People have a duty or moral obligation to act according to universal principles · This forces us to manipulate the earth’s climate to limit and counteract climate change · This considers the immediate need to act for survival or general life, especially since the long-term side effects or timeline cannot be fully known. Negative Responsibility · Before manipulating the climate and acting, there must be considerations for long-term negative side-effects · Even if negative side-effects are virtually unknown, there must be equal action to consider the long-term · This creates further issues according to universal principles that were used for Kantian duty · Since there are future lives that will be involved in the long-term negative effects, this creates inequality in the value of life which requires greater exploration in the action that is required by Kantian duty.