l. Holism thinks the universe as whole. Therefore, humans should not deforest to fulfill self-interest. However, what if the deforestation causes the ultimate benefit for the universe? For example, the deforestation causes the expanding population of city-dwellers. More people contribute more to the environment in a long run. In this case, the whole system is better-off. Therefore, we should deny the Holism.
2. DEEP ECOLOGIST RESPONSE: It is true that it may have the positive consequences by doing so. However, if just discuss about this behavior itself without talking about results. The fact is that deforestation harms the trees which are also a part of environmental system just like our humans. This behavior is intrinsically morally wrong.