2. I think that the argument raised by Yuanming is very compelling and I would not have a response to him without more time to think. It is an excellent paper and objection. In order to improve, I think he could add some points in his paper about specifically what an objector would say to his main claim. This would provide an alternate point of view and then he could state why he thinks an objection to his objection would be incorrect. Yuanming, if you are confused about what I am trying to say feel free to email me and ask. My email is firstname.lastname@example.org 3. He states that we don’t understand the needs of nonhumans but isn’t it just essentially survival? 4. My idea would be that maybe someone can argue that survival might not be superior to morality. Just because all organisms abide by survival, doesn’t mean that it is superior to the concept of morality. If you could justify why survival is superior specifically in a few more sentences it would enhance that portion of the paper a good amount.