Challenge One: Shuhan’s Objection
The objection in Shuhan’s argument seems to be the question about how Singer’s claim will apply to all beings capable of pleasure and pain. Basically, Shuhan’s objection is that if all beings that are capable of pleasure and pain are worthy of equal moral consideration than how are people able to defend all sentient beings. Additionally, the objection becomes how much do people need to be involved in natural parts of life like the lion preying on rabbits. Overall, this objection is used to argue against the main claim because it is not clear how it is possible to apply this claim to every single situation involving a being that is worthy of equal moral consideration.
Singer might respond to this objection by arguing in support of applying this claim to people. Additionally, Singer can argue that this claim can be applied to all people who are able to do something as an intervention for when a being is not given a worthy equal moral consideration. Overall, Singer’s response would focus on defining the beings that are worthy of equal moral consideration and the role of people in defending this consideration.
Challenge Two: Sketch an Introduction
Context: There is a basic human need to live based on their own survival.
Disruption: The emotions and intelligence of people is enough reason for human life to be more involved in support of the lives of other sentient beings.
Response: Human and personal survival must come first, before any intervention of other sentient beings.